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Posted by Look what I found on the net. TRUTH. on May 28, 2004 at 17:48:23:

POLYNESIANS from SAVAI'I to HAVAI'I to HAWAI'I nei.

A Scientific Analysis on the Polynesian Origins & Culture.

Polynesians evolved ( birthed ) & their unique culture developed in area of Savai'i and Upolu, Samoa and Tonga in around 2000-500BC with Savai'i as the motherland ( breeding ground ). Nowhere else on earth will you find ancient Polynesian remains other than within the Polynesian Triangle or maybe along the coast of the adjacent land masses like the Americas.

The Polynesian forebears were from South East Asia conclusively. They had their own culture which was different from the later developed Polynesian culture. The Polynesian race from a scientific perspective ( Population Genetics & Anthropology ) is a speciation derived from the intermixing of ancient forebears. Scientific scholars of Hawaii attribute the Polynesians as the bloodline intermixing of an ancient mongoloid race of forebears and a negroid race of forebears, hence their Egyptian like morphologies. Malayo-Polynesian is a consequence of influences yet genotypes & phenotypes affirm the Hawaii scientific determination.

The children of the Polynesian forebears were then genetically drifted into isolation and maintained in the Samoa-Tonga area 2000-500BC, Savai'i & Upolu in particular ( Speciation ). They developed a unique Polynesian culture to meet their needs for survival. A culture anciently based on strong family values, community sharing & responsibility and a valued respect for community elders, a community-centered or ' communism ' ideology. In this discussion, we will first analyze Population Genetics as it applies to the development or evolution of the Polynesian people, and then focus to analyze the development of their unique Polynesian culture.

POLYNESIAN GENETICS:

The Hardy-Weinberg Principle of Genetics was not met by the Polynesian forebears as they migrated from the western lands of South East Asia to the eastern lands, hence a new race of people & a new culture developed in isolation around 2000-500BC in the Samoa & Tonga area ( Savai'i & Upolu ). The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium calls for the following to maintain stable population genetics :

(1) Large populations
(2) Random mating
(3) No genetic drifts
(4) No mutations
(5) No genetic migrations
(6) Equal mating opportunity among members.

When these conditions are met, genetics in a population maintain stability, without the development of new species or breeds.

Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium conditions were not met by the Polynesian forebears as they migrated in small population units into the realm of Polynesia, Samoa & Tonga in 2000-500BC ( Small Population, Genetic Migration & Genetic Drifting ). Hence, population genetics led to Speciation with the disappearence of inferior or unfavorable genes, and the retention of favorable or superior alleles necessary for survival. Therefore a new set of stronger genes were able to survive and flourish onto offspring. A new race or breed of Polynesians was created by the process of natural selection & genetic evolution (Speciation). Unfavorable genes were lost from the Polynesians as they migrated from one isolated settlement (islands) to another, the lost genes were also links to their ancient forebears. Genetic marker analysis on Polynesians to determine resemblance to their forebears will be futile as they will not resemble any other race due to lost genes or even mixed genes. Only the strong had survived and produced new offspring in Samoa & Tonga 2000-500BC from the original Polynesian forebears of 5000-10,000BC.

The original genes of the Polynesian forebears evolved into a more fit population manifestation as Polynesian children. These Polynesians found new lands, settled them as small population units ( Non-random mating, no equal chance of reproduction & small populations ), and flourished in the production of new offspring in Samoa & Tonga ( Natural Selection, Evolution, Genetic Drifts & Migration ). After a long period of settlement in one area in Upolu & Savai'i, Samoa-Tonga from 2000BC to 100AD, much genetic stabilization had occurred, then they as a new unique race or breed of people migrated to settle Marquesas 100AD, to Tahiti 300AD, to Hawaii 500AD & then finally in 800-1000AD to settle Aotearoa, New Zealand.

In the big picture, the Polynesians populated the Polynesian Triangle from Western Polynesia to Eastern Polynesia and then back west to Aotearoa, New Zealand 800-1000AD. Language similarities, physical morphologies, archaeology, anthropology & genetic studies on these Polynesian islands all point to Savai'i, Samoa in Western Polynesia as the original homeland of all Polynesians. Ask Polynesians where they came from and they will tell you, ' from the WEST.'

PETER LEIATAUA AHCHING ON THOR HEYERDAHL'S THEORIES ABOUT POLYNESIAN ORIGINS:

Early work by Thor Heyerdahl of Oslo, Norway a Viking Norwegian proposed the origins of Polynesians from South America. Kon Tiki was the raft of which took 101 days to reach Eastern Polynesia from South America in 1947. Heyerdahl's theory at the time 1947 was based on the physical properties of the ocean currents allowing travels or drifting migrations of species from the Americas into Eastern Polynesia. Thor Heyerdahl's theory supports the presence of certain plant types (ocean drifters) common in the coastal Americas and in Eastern Polynesia. The same understanding of the ocean currents puzzled Captain James Cook when he first arrived to Polynesia in 1700s. James Cook soon learned from the Polynesian natives of Tahiti that the ocean currents & winds switched periodically during the year allowing counter travels & two way migrations, allowing Polynesian voyages from West to East Polynesia and vice versa. Thor Heyerdahl soon realized the same concept as did James Cook. In 2003, Thor Heyerdahl's research team is in Samoa.

Thor Heyerdahl at the time of Kon Tiki in 1947 had not studied the oldest Polynesian area which is Samoa-Tonga 2000-500BC. Thor Heyerdahl's ideas with Kon Tiki were at the time biased with inclinations to South America & Eastern Polynesia where he resided and worked. Kon Tiki proved that various species from the Americas can reach Eastern Polynesia, hence we find common flora species in coastal Americas and Eastern Polynesia, surely Heyerdahls theory makes good common sense here. However, the comparison of physical morphology, language and culture between the native South Americans and the Polynesians showed a conclusive difference in their origins. There may have been contact between these two native people at the distant Eastern Polynesian islands like Rapa nui, but they were in origins very different from each other.

According to the latest genetic studies in 2002, 2000 and old Polynesian legends, pure genetic Polynesians were birthed in the Samoa-Tonga realm and their forebears had migrated from the west. The Proto-Polynesian forebears migrated from South East Asia 1000s of years before Christ.

Genetic chromosomal studies (Polynesian motif & Y-chromosome analysis) confirm the Pre-Polynesian link to South East Asia. Genetic studies in 2000AD ruled out Taiwan as a link to the Polynesians. Main point here, Polynesian morphology, culture & language are deeply rooted in Western Polynesia (Alii Matais of Samoa, Tahiti and Hawaii, Tama aiga of Samoa and the Kama'aina of Hawaii). The Polynesian commonalities in culture, language and genetic heritage are very different from the native South Americans. Thor Heyerdahl needed to study Western Polynesia to uncover the truth, what we Polynesians have always known as fact. Polynesians came from the west, from Savai'i of Samoa.

The Samoan word Tonga means 'South.' It is held in Samoan oral tradition that the original people of Tonga were Polynesians from Samoa. Later, Melanesians moved in from nearby Fiji and Vanuatu. Tonga-Samoan Polynesians procreated with the Melanesians of Fiji and Vanuatu and developed the modern-day Tongan bloodlines, which explains the scientific findings of mixed Polynesian-Melanesian genetic markers of Tongans (Genetics 2002). Melanesian cultural influence was very strong in the Tonga islands, thus Polynesians retreated back to Samoa. To keep the Polynesian bloodline strong, royalty of Tonga sought marriage with Samoan Alii families, hence Queen Salamasina & Taufaahau Tupou. These old traditions are well known in the southern Polynesian islands. 

Today in 2003, Thor Heyerdahl's wife & research team are studying the Pulemelei structure located in Savai'i, Samoa. Pulemelei is the largest man made Polynesian structure in all of Polynesia, it's a PYRAMID. Thor Heyerdahl commissioned this sacred Savai'i Samoan site to be studied thoroughly since 2000AD.

Thor Heyerdahl unfortunately died in April 2002 at age 87, but his research team & wife are currently continuing his work in Savai'i, Samoa. Heyerdal's work in Eastern Polynesia was well noted, but it lacked connection to the older Polynesia of the west.

Work at Pulemelei in Savaii, Samoa will unveil to scientists knowledge that we as Polynesian people knew all along from our native Polynesian heritage & languages, from our aliis, kupunas, aigas, ohanas and forefathers. The truth from Polynesian oral lineages, legends & myths are currently being fortified by most modern scientific studies. Polynesians originated from Savai'i Samoa, birthed pure-blooded from the 'Navigator Islands' and populated the Polynesian Triangle. Ask us Polynesians where we came from, and we will tell you, ' We came from the west, a place in Samoa called Savai'i. ' Samoa as in two words, 'Sa moa', is translated 'Sacred center or heart.' Sa is sacred and moa is center or heart. Samoa of Polynesia means Sacred center of Polynesia. At the Polynesian Cultural Center in Hawai'i, Samoa is acknowledged in Polynesian legend as the 'CRADLE OF POLYNESIA.'

(2) POLYNESIAN CULTURE:

The Polynesian traditions & customs fit the model of a culture based on ancient principles, yet very honorable & noble. The culture is ' community-centered or communism ' that works mainly due to the subsistence lifestyle essential to their survival in these small islands. It is communism at its best because people lived close to each other in villages, had scarce resources such as lands and foods, of which almost all things needed to be shared, so this type of culture was very essential and functional for their survival in isolated and limited Polynesia.

As far as Polynesians being from outerspace or extra-terrestrial beings, well the Egyptians have the same theories placed on their origins. Those are speculations and without scientific validity. The points I present are scientifically based on the following applications of these physical science principles:

Scientific Principles to consider with Polynesian Origins are the following:

(1) Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium in Population Genetics.
(2) Genetic Drifting.
(3) Genetic Migration.
(4) Natural Selection & Evolution.
(5) Speciation : Development of New Breeds.
(6) Cultural Anthropolgy : Culture Development.

Savai'i, Samoa (Savai'i & Upolu) 2000-500BC gave birth to pure Polynesians. These Savaii Samoan Polynesians migrated and settled the Marquesas 100AD & Tahiti 300AD ( Havai'i & Uporu, now renamed Raiatea & Taha'a by the French government ). From Havai'i 300AD, they migrated north & settled Hawai'i 500AD ( Hawai'i with Upolu & Hamoa {Samoa}, Maui ). Upon return trips from Eastern Polynesia back to Western Polynesia, the Polynesians discovered & settled Aotearoa, New Zealand 800-1000AD. European arrival into Polynesia occurred in the 1700s.

ASK POLYNESIANS WHERE THEY CAME FROM ?

When historians asked the Maoris of New Zealand (settled in 800-1000AD) where they came from, they said Hawaiki as in Hawai'i (settled in 500AD) or Havai'i 300AD or Savai'i 2000-500BC. When historians asked the people of Hawai'i(settled in 500AD) where they came from, they said Havai'i (settled in 300AD) now called Raiatea in Tahiti or Savai'i, Samoa 2000-500BC (Legends of Pili and Pa'ao from Samoa, who were the forefathers of Kamehameha, according to published writings of Hawaii's King himself, King David Kalakaua in 1888).

When historians asked the people of Havai'i (settled in 300AD) where they came from, they said Savai'i (Birthed pure Polynesians in 2000-500BC). Savai'i, according to many Polynesians is the ancient land of lava flows, volcanoes, God Tagaloa which is pronounced Tanaloa or Kanaloa by Samoans {worshiped in Tahiti as Ta'aroa & Hawai'i as Kanaloa}, ancient Ali'is and the Kings of Samoa. ' Sa moa ' or ' Sacred Center/Heart ' of Polynesia, the birthplace of pure Polynesians in 2000-500BC. Savai'i, Samoa the ancient motherland, where it all began for all Polynesians.

It is important to realize why the Maori of New Zealand 800-1000AD, the Maoli of Hawai'i 500AD, the Maohi of Tahiti 300AD were able to remember where they came from originally other than their new island homes. The Eastern Polynesians were recent migrants unlike the long settled Mao'i of Samoa. The newly settled Eastern Polynesians voyaged with a recent recollection of where they came from, because they had only arrived to their new islands not long before the Europeans came into Polynesia and recorded their recollections. The Mao'i of Savai'i, Samoa had been settled since around 2000-500BC and because of multiple generations that remained in Samoa, they only knew their origins as being from Samoa. Samoans according to the latest genetic studies of 2002AD are pure blooded Polynesians and have been since 2000-500BC without any Melanesian or Micronesian genes. Unique Polynesian genetics is determined from the presence of the Polynesian motif, a specific genetic DNA sequence, present only in the Polynesian people.

References. (1) Pacific Journals. (2) GENETICS 2002 (3) PNAS 2000 (4) World Encyclopedias. (5) Polynesian Cultural Center in Laie, Hawaii. (6) Hawaiian King David Kalakaua 1888, Legends & Myths of Hawaii. (7) Hawaiian Legends of Ghosts and Ghost-Gods, by W.D. Westervelt. Boston, G.H. Ellis Press [1916]. (8) An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origins and Migrations, and the Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I. Abraham Fornander. Mutual Publishing Company 1996. (9) Ruling Chiefs of Hawaii. Samuel Manaiakalani Kamakau & M.K. Pukui. Kamehameha School Press, 1995. (10) The Polynesians Prehistory of an Island People. Peter S. Bellwood. Thames and Hudson Ltd. London, 1978. (11) The Kumulipo A Hawaiian Creation Chant. Martha W. Beckwith. University Press of Hawaii. 1972. (12) Polynesian Interconnections. Peter Leiataua AhChing. Lulu Press Inc, 2003.(13) Vikings of the Sunrise. Peter H. Buck. Whitecombe and Tombs, 1954.

COPYRIGHT 2003. Peter Leiataua AhChing at JABSOM, UH & Hawaii Courts Officer.


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