did not involve only the struggle between good and evil. The interplay
between dark and light, male and female, etc., is equally a dual
phenomena. In China, this was known as the interaction of yin and yang;
in India as siva-sakti. Kapampangan Legends (Demigods)
In the Philippines, natural
dualism is best symbolized in the lunar cycles of alternate waxing and
waning of the Moon. Periods of eclipse were seen as climaxes in which
the male Sun, Aldo/Araw, engages, either in combat or in passionate
embrace, the female Moon, Bulan/Buwan.
As in other areas of the word, the interaction of male and female
principles was also seen as cause and effect of many natural
phenomenon. In Hawai`i, the battle and subsequent marriage of the
pig-man Kamapua`a, the god of fertilizing rains and the sea, with Pele,
the goddess of the destructive volcano and lava flows, results in the
creation of new land and vegetation.
In the province of Pampanga, a somewhat similar legend explains
how the battle between Aldo and Bulan brings about volcanic eruptions.
Below is the telling of the story by Mike Pangilinan (aka Siuala ding
neng Michael Pangilinan
(siuala ding meangubie)
The history of the Kapampangan opened with the great war in heaven.
Ding micapatad (I dont know if they are brothers or brothers and
sisters...basta micapatad la) a Aldau (the Sun) ampong Bulan (the Moon)
were fighting for control of the earth.
From the heavens
they descended on the banks of the great river, from which they pulled
out two bamboo poles each. In the ensuing battle, Aldau, the sun had
struck the light out of one of Bulan's eyes and its brightness dimmed.
Aldau was victorious and Bulan surrendered. Magnanimous, Aldau lifted
his capatad up and divided his rule between himself and Bulan. He even
let Bulan sit on the throne first. Thus Bulan ruled by bengi (night)
and Aldau ruled by aldau (day).
They settled on the two sacred mountains of the great river bank
plains. On earth, Aldau chose as his abode Alaya, the center, the navel
of the world. Thus the words 'paralaya' meaning going towards Alaya,
the home, the base, the navel, and 'padauba' which means to go away
from the center, or to go down to the flatlands. Paralaya also came to
mean east since it is the abode of the sun.
On earth, Aldau came to be called by man as Apung SukŻ meaning
antiquity or even summit or zenith. Bulan, on the one hand settled on
the source of eight rivers, Pinatubu, from which man derived its food
and livelihood as the rivers became not only a source of fish, but was
also the watering hole of game and fowl.
Man favoured Bulan with the name Apung Mallari, to whom all things
were possible. He was said to be more approachable than the distant
Apung SukŻ, the Sun, had for his children: Munag Sumal‚ (Dawn) who was
betrothed to Manalastas (the rooster), Abac, Ugtu (known also as
Lakandanup who devoured shadows at noon), and Gatpanapun (the prince
who knows only pleasure).
Apung Mallari had two daughters. The most beautiful was Sisilim
(sunset) who was devoted to her uncle Apung SukŻ by welcoming him in
the western skies with songs of the cicadas at sunset. The other
daughter was Kapitangan.
All things went well with their reign over man on earth till the
rains came. The rains did not stop. The eight Rivers of Pinatubu
overflowed. Man's possesssion were washed away and the fowls, game and
fish went to seek calmer waters or went deep into the mountains. Man
hungered. Man despaired. Finally man called upon Apung SukŻ for help.
Apung SukŻ then sent his grandson Tala (the planet Venus), son of
the red serpent Munag Sumal‚ and the bird Manalastas, to be born as a
Deep in the forest of Mount Alaya, an old manalaksan (wood cutter)
went to the pool of Sapang TacŻi to quench his thirst. There in the
middle of the pool, a tucal flower blossomed. in the midst of it was a
healthy baby crying. The old manalaksan took pity and took the child to
his old wife mangkukuran (potter). There the child began to speak and
walk. The couple bowed low to the ground and paid homage to the god
Soon the child grew up to become a strong bayani. Riding on his
friend Damulag, the guardian against the storm, Tala descended the
mountain chewing on a sugarcane. On the slopes of the mountain he fell
in love with a woman called Mingan. Together they made love. As they
did so, Tala took some of his seeds and placed them in Mingan's hand.
"Plant them on the flooded ground," he said. Mingan was doubtful at
first since nothing grew on the flooded soil save for lumut or algae.
Immediately after Mingan planted the sacred seeds, a curious green
looking plant sprouted from the ground. These were the first palai,
rice plants. Tala showed her how to cook nasi, from the unhusked seeds
of the palai plant. Soon Mingan's tribe was able to conquer all the
flooded plains and convert them to fertile rice fields. Tala went back
to the sky.
Soon, man forgot about the goodness of Apung Mallari before the
floods. They endlessly praised Apung SukŻ for sending them his grandson
Tala. In anger and jealousy, Apung Mallari threw a huge boulder to the
perfect summit of Apung SukŻ's abode, Bunduc Alaya. The earth trembled.
But worse was Apung SukŻ's anger at the insult. From that day on, Apung
Mallari was cursed. He was to be called as Punsalang (the source of
enmity, the enemy).
Apung SukŻ took all the huge boulders of the great river bank
plains and threw them all at Bunduk Pinatubu. Apung Mallari, now
Punsalang, saw his abode crumble. Seeing her father lose miserably,
Sisilim decided to stop her uncle the sun but she too was struck and
she fell dead. Seeing this, Punsalang shouted in anguish and
surrendered to his brother Apung SukŻ. From then on, Apung SukŻ was
Apung Sinukuan (to whom everyone surrendered).
Apung Punsalang, grief ridden, blamed himself for the death of his
beloved daughter. he hid himself deep into the mountain weeping. Man
would search for him but not find him. Occasionally man would hear him
sigh, then nothing more....
Not until that fateful day of June 12 , 1991...